In recent years, the field of conversational AI has been significantly influenced by models like ChatGPT, characterized by their expansive parameter sizes. However, this approach comes with substantial demands on computational resources and memory. A study now introduces a novel concept: blending multiple smaller AI models to achieve or surpass the performance of larger models. This approach, termed “Blending,” integrates multiple chat AIs, offering an effective solution to the computational challenges of large models.
The research, conducted over thirty days with a large user base on the Chai research platform, showcases that blending specific smaller models can potentially outperform or match the capabilities of much larger models, such as ChatGPT. For example, integrating just three models with 6B/13B parameters can rival or even surpass the performance metrics of substantially larger models like ChatGPT with 175B+ parameters.
The increasing reliance on pre-trained large language models (LLMs) for diverse applications, particularly in chat AI, has led to a surge in the development of models with massive numbers of parameters. However, these large models require specialized infrastructure and have significant inference overheads, limiting their accessibility. The Blended approach, on the other hand, offers a more efficient alternative without compromising on conversational quality.
Blended AI’s effectiveness is evident in its user engagement and retention rates. During large-scale A/B tests on the CHAI platform, Blended ensembles, composed of three 6-13B parameter LLMs, outcompeted OpenAI’s 175B+ parameter ChatGPT, achieving significantly higher user retention and engagement. This indicates that users found Blended chat AIs more engaging, entertaining, and useful, all while requiring only a fraction of the inference cost and memory overhead of larger models.
The study’s methodology involves ensembling based on Bayesian statistical principles, where the probability of a particular response is conceptualized as a marginal expectation taken over all plausible chat AI parameters. Blended randomly selects the chat AI that generates the current response, allowing different chat AIs to implicitly influence the output. This results in a blending of individual chat AI strengths, leading to more captivating and diverse responses.
The breakthroughs in AI and machine learning trends for 2024 emphasize the move towards more practical, efficient, and customizable AI models. As AI becomes more integrated into business operations, there’s a growing demand for models that cater to specific needs, offering improved privacy and security. This shift aligns with the core principles of the Blended approach, which emphasizes efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and adaptability.
In conclusion, the Blended method represents a significant stride in AI development. By combining multiple smaller models, it offers an efficient, cost-effective solution that retains, and in some cases, enhances user engagement and retention compared to larger, more resource-intensive models. This approach not only addresses the practical limitations of large-scale AIs but also opens up new possibilities for AI applications across various sectors.
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